Political Vigilantism And The Rule Of Law; Is Ghana At The Cross Roads?


Ghana’s fourth attempt at constitutional governance which started in 1992, has been plagued with negative vigilantism.

Political vigilante groups play a key role in securing electoral victories for their parties, but they are also key agents in pushing their parties to opposition.

Vigilante groups particularly those belonging to the party that won elections have over the years taken laws of the country into their own hands, forcibly ejected official of previous administration from their apartment and physically assaulted them as well as  engaged in seizures of public property and assets in the custody of public officials in an uncoordinated manner. These acts have fueled polarisation in the body of Ghana’s politics and undermined the nation’s drive towards democratic maturity.

Ghana, a democratic country, attained another step forward as a model for democracy in Africa on 7th January 2017, when there was a third peaceful transfer of political power from one government to another.

The rule of law of a country, is the authority and influence of law in the society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and instructions. The principle whereby all members of a society are considered equally subject to public discord, legal codes and processes, thus, the supremacy of the law used to administer justice in a particular state or society.

The rule of law of w country treats citizens equally before the law, protects the rights and privileges of citizens in a country. Political vigilante groups see to forcibly enforce laws in a country in vigorous means, infringing on the rights of citizens in a country.

Ghana is at a crossroads, a situation where either the rule of law or political vigilantism should be chosen and practiced fully. Ghana should therefore, enhance the practice of the rule of law in the country which will aid to protect the rights and privileges of the citizen other than been infringed upon.

The rule of law is accountable, where governments, as well as private actors, are accountable under the law.

The rule are “just laws”, where the laws are clear, publicized, stable and just; are applied evenly and protects rights, including the security of persons and properties and obtain human rights.

The rule of law thus will allow for accessible and dispute resolution.


By; Yaa Wiredua Amaning


Level 300

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