By ERICA ODARTEI
A cancer that begins in the female organs that produce eggs (ovaries). Cancer in recent times has been one of the deadly disease in both men and women in our world today, it has course many life’s being lost. Mostly, we tend to concentrate basically on breast cancer, lung cancer and prostate cancer. Whiles we neglect the others like cervical cancer and ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer death in women. Ovarian cancer originates in the fallopian tube and occurs in the ovaries which are reproductive organs on each side.
In as much as cervical cancer also occurs at the vagina. With cervical cancer, it is found in the cervix which is narrow lower part of the uterus where it connects to the upper end of the vagina. So, there is a different between ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. Ovaries are also in the lower part of your abdomen, underneath your belly bottom they are a set of two 3-5cm oval shaped objects during childbearing years.
SOME TYPES OF OVARIAN CANCER ARE AS FOLLOWS
- Epithelial ovarian cancer: this is the most common type of ovarian cancer. Primary peritoneal cancer and fallopian tube cancer are similar to epithelial ovarian cancer and are treated in the same way.
- Germ cell ovarian tumors: this are rare an usually affect girls and young women up to their early 30’s.
- Sex cord stromal tumours
All histopathology slides cards of ovarian cancers diagnosed over a ten-year period (2001-2010) were reviewed and the cancers classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) 1999 classification.Clinical data of the patient were collected and the result entered into Epi-info to determine the frequency, age distribution and clinical presentation of the various types of ovarian cancer. There were 192 (27.2%) ovarian cancers out of 706 ovarian tumours. Epithelial cancers were the most common: 100 (52.1%), followed by sex cord stromal cancers 66 (34.4%). Majority of epithelial cancers were serous adenocarcinomas (71/100) while most sex cord stromal cancers were adult granulosa cell tumours 46 (69.7%).
CAUSES OF OVARIAN CANCER
- Lifestyle such as smoking, hormone replacement therapy and breast feeding for less than 6months, obesity, older age are some of the factors that causes ovarian cancer.
- Ovarian cancer also occurs when cells divide and multiply in an unregulated way.
- Family history
- Infertility : that is fertility drugs have been linked to a higher risk of ovarian cancer especially in women who used them for more than one year without becoming pregnant
These are some of the causes and many more. Also during sex the man might want to lick the ladies vagina, and too much of it can cause ovarian cancer in women.
There are some symptoms which occur in ovarian cancer and these are:
- Pelvic pain can be a sign; most ovarian cancers start in the epithelium or outer lining of the ovary.
- Indigestion or heartburn.
- Feeling full rapidly when eating.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- Back pain.
As the cancer progresses, there may also be : nausea, weight loss, breathlessness, tiredness and loss of appetite.
Note: research has shown that if an individual experiences bloating , pressure or pain in the abdomen that last for more than a few weeks they should see a doctor immediately.
How to lower the risk or prevent ovarian cancer
- Having a family history cannot be changed but women can lower their risk by staying at a healthy weight and also you might want to consider genetic counseling.
- Avoid hormone replacement therapy after menopause.
- Using oral contraceptives (birth control pills) decreases the risk of developing ovarian cancer.
According to Miss Jane a trader, she says she has not heard of ovarian cancer before, she further says that more awareness should be created for women to have themselves checked.
Mrs. Grace Lamptey a trader, also expresses her view by saying that since all attention has been given to breast cancer most people do not even know what ovarian cancer is all about and its very bad because one may have ovarian cancer and may not even be aware.
Some women also says that they have heard of it but do not know how it occurs and special attention should be given to it as well.
Ovarian cancer can be treated by a medical professional. The kind of treatment needed depends on the type of ovarian cancer its stage and grade as well as general health of the patient. Ovarian cancer is a no joke disease and special attention needs to be drawn towards it. We all need to be vigilant about it so as to curb it and also go for regular checkup.