The Moroccan Embassy in Ghana has stated at recent review of its immigration laws to respect human and workers rights of illegal and legal immigrants in Morocco.
According to the Embassy the Moroccan government is doing everything possible to ensure foreign nationals residing, visiting or working in that country do so in an atmosphere of peace and unfettered security.
Read full statement from the Moroccan Embassy in Ghana:
The Kingdom of Morocco is in the process of establishing a migration policy that is part of a long tradition of openness and tolerance and embodies the practice of respect for human rights, regardless of race or religion.
Human rights have been institutionalized during the last decades. The creation of the National Human Rights Council (CNDH) strengthens the commitment of the Kingdom of Morocco to protect its citizens’ rights and freedoms, in conformity with the Paris Principles and the international commitments in the protection and promotion of human rights, regulating national human rights institutions
Statistics on immigration in Morocco show that migrants are divided into two main categories:
Morocco has become a host country for migrants. The number of immigrants from sub-Saharan African countries has quadrupled;
Morocco has also recently experienced, as a result of the global economic crisis, a new form of immigration from countries such as Spain, France and other European countries.
The combination of these diversified forms of migration makes Morocco, gradually and irreversibly, a cosmopolitan country. The regular and irregular emigration of Moroccans and the growing visibility of new populations of emigrants in Moroccan cities, undoubtedly attest to the fact that Morocco is concerned by the globalization of human mobility.
Morocco, which has demonstrated its ability to manage the most difficult political transitions, has become a land of asylum and long-term settlement for migrants. It welcomes regular immigrant workers, a relatively large number of foreign students, migrants with an irregular status, “in transit” often for years, and finally asylum seekers and refugees.
This fact has been clearly highlighted by His Majesty the King Mohammed VI, who called on September 10th, 2013 for a new, able to meet the new challenges of immigration and immigrant rights.
Considering these and given the new configuration migration flows in Morocco, This policy involves three migrant categories:
1. Refugees and asylum seekers:
The Moroccan government will enact the following measures:
• To recognize, pending the introduction of a national legislation and institutional plan of asylum, refugee status as issued by UNHCR, and issue a residency document to statutory refugees;
• To establish a policy of integration of said refugees and their families, in terms of housing, health, schooling, training and employment;
• To allow married statutory refugees to proceed legally to family reunification;
• To ensure compliance with the principle of prohibition of expulsion or return (non¬refoulement) as a cornerstone of the right of the refugees, as mentioned in article 33 of the 1951 Geneva Convention by giving potential asylum-seekers the right to fill out, upon their arrival on the Moroccan territory, an asylum application;
• To establish a national legal and institutional framework of asylum, which is based on the principles set out in the preamble of the 2011 Moroccan constitution, and which organizes the status of refugees in Morocco and the conditions for the exercise of the right of asylum recognized in article 30 of the constitution;
• Pending the establishment of this system, to strengthen the partnership with the UNHCR and support its actions mainly by facilitating its access to asylum seekers across the country.
2. Foreigners in irregular administrative status
The government will officially consider the development and establishment of an operation of special regularization of some categories of migrants in irregular administrative situations, according to criteria that take into account the duration of stay in Morocco, the right to family co-residence, the conditions for insertion in Moroccan society, the settlement agreements reached by the Kingdom with other partners (international organizations of the United Nations system, partner countries of Morocco, including European countries and the European Union)
For both categories, Moroccan Government will:
• ensure effective access to justice for irregular migrants in the case of arrest, provisionary detention or trial (access to lawyers and interpreters, access to consular authorities, access to asylum procedures, access to care, etc.);
• Develop training programs and raise awareness among personnel responsible for dealing with immigrants (police, border police, prison staff, judges, health care staff, etc.);
• Pay particular attention to the material and legal support of unaccompanied foreign minors and of migrant women, in particular, the psychological and medical treatment of victims of violence;
• Ban all forms of violence against undocumented migrants during arrest procedures;
• Take measures to discourage employers who exploit undocumented migrants, and guarantee access to labor inspectors without fear of retribution;
• Facilitate the registration of new births and issuing of death certificates.
3. Fight against the trafficking of persons:
The Government will take following measures:
A. Launch a national survey on the phenomenon of human trafficking;
B. Develop, in a collaborative manner, a national plan of action to combat human trafficking;
C. Develop a specific training program to strengthen the capacity of law enforcement officials in their fight against human trafficking;
D. Strengthen cooperation between various departments involved in the fight against human trafficking (border police, national security, gendarmerie, justice, etc.)
E.Strengthen partnerships with organizations against human trafficking and for the protection of victims of abuse.
Concerning business activities of foreigners, Government will:
1. Ban any recourse to the employment of undocumented persons, and regularize any employees in this situation;
2. Guarantee equal treatment with respect to wages and social rights;
3. Implement, especially for businesses in contact with foreigners, training programs of awareness about non-discrimination, similar to the program which will be implemented at the initiative of the company Royal Air Maroc to the flight attendants and ground staff, in partnership with the CNDH.
Aware of the complexity of migration and the necessity to take measures placing human rights at the center of its action, “The sovereign states that such a move will endow the Kingdom with the right tools to play a prominent and an active role in the regional and international scene in terms of migration management,” the statement said, stressing that “the Royal Initiative, which is part of the deep welcoming traditions of the Kingdom, reflects the constant involvement of the sovereign for the protection of human rights in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, the requirements of the rule of law, and in accordance with Morocco’s international commitments.”
International reactions on the new immigration’s policy of the Kingdom of Morocco:
United Nations reaction:
The United Nations in Morocco ” applaud the interest ” shown by the National Council for Human Rights ( CNDH) to respect the human rights of foreigners in the Kingdom and the scope of its recommendations in this regard, and ” welcome that they have already won the support of His Majesty King Mohammed VI . ”
A UN statement said in Morocco have noted the publication of a “significant relationship ” with the NHRC on the human rights of foreigners in Morocco , particularly refugees , asylum seekers and migrants. ” In the country of origin of migrants, the statement said, Morocco has gradually become transit countries and destination countries now migrants, some of which are in the country illegally.”
Agencies of the United Nations in Morocco, including the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) reiterate the Moroccan authorities ” their willingness to support national efforts to ensure that refugees, asylum seekers and migrants a home up to the humanistic traditions of the Kingdom and the requirements of national and international legal framework, ” the statement concluded.
A UN committee appreciates the commitment “of Morocco for the protection of migrant workers.