A former commander in the Farc rebel group in Colombia, Iván Márquez, has called on his followers to take up arms less than three years after the rebels signed a peace agreement with the government.
Iván Márquez appeared in a video and announced that a “new phase of the armed struggle” was beginning.
He was one of the main negotiators of the peace deal in 2016.
The Colombian government said it was “a very worrying announcement”.
What does the video show?
It shows Iván Márquez reading out a statement in front of a banner saying “While there is a will to fight, there’ll be hope of winning”.
He is surrounded by about a dozen men and women dressed in camouflage. Among them are two other senior former Farc rebels, Jesús Santrich, and the man known as El Paisa.
In his 30-minute-long statement, Iván Márquez says that he called for a return to arms because the Colombian state had “betrayed” the peace agreement he helped negotiate.
The Farc’s decades-long armed struggle
1964: Set up as armed wing of Communist Party
2002: At its height, it has an army of 20,000 fighters controlling up to a third of the country
2008: The Farc suffers a series of defeats in its worst year
2012: Start of peace talks in Havana
2016: Peace deal signed in November
2017: Farc officially ceases to be an armed group
2019: Former commander Iván Márquez announces “a new phase of the armed struggle”
“In two years, more than 500 social leaders have been killed and 150 guerrilla fighters are dead amidst the indifference and the indolence of the state,” Iván Márquez says, referring to the high number of activists and former Farc members killed since President Iván Duque took up office.
In the recording, he also says that the new guerrilla group, which carries the old name, Farc-EP (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People’s Army), will pursue different tactics.
He says that the group will only “respond to offensives” and that they will not carry out kidnappings for ransom but instead “seek dialogue” with local landowners and business people to try and convince them to “contribute” to their cause.
The video ends with Jesús Santrich shouting “Long live the Farc-EP!”
Who is Iván Márquez?
Iván Márquez is the nom-de guerre of Luciano Marín Arango. He was the number two in the Farc rebel movement before the guerrilla group signed a peace deal with the Colombian government in 2016, after more than five decades of armed conflict
He was a key figure in the peace negotiation which led to the signing of a peace deal in November 2016, leading the Farc negotiating team for the four years the talks lasted.
As part of the peace process, the Farc turned into a political party and was assigned a number of seats in Colombia’s congress.
Iván Márquez was assigned one of the Farc’s five seats in the senate. But days before he was due to take up his post in July 2018, he announced he would not do so in protest at the arrest of his Farc comrade, Jesús Santrich.
He went into hiding shortly afterwards and his only public appearance was in a video released in January.
In that video, he accused the Colombian government of failing to implement the agreements reached with the Farc and said he felt “disheartened”. But at the time, he said he was still committed to peace.